Dr. Nawa Raj Subba

Despite appearing to decline in recent months, the COVID-19 epidemic is far from over. Recent outbreaks throughout Asia, particularly in India, China, and Nepal, underline the importance of increased public health awareness and vigilance. By studying official data and comprehending the present context, we can empower communities with the knowledge and resources they need to navigate these re-emerging concerns.

India: Challenging the BA.2.75 Version

Early in 2023, India—previously the pandemic’s worldwide epicenter—saw a marked drop in cases. But in recent weeks, there has been a comeback due to the highly transmissible BA.2.75 subvariant, with daily cases surpassing 20,000 (Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, 2024). This increase highlights the significance of following public health recommendations, including mask-wearing, social distancing, and hand hygiene, which primarily focus on in Maharashtra and Kerala (Indian Council of Medical Research, 2024). Increasing vaccination rates is also essential to stop the spread of disease and safeguard susceptible groups, particularly for booster shots (Public Health Foundation of India, 2024).

China: Isolated Detentions and Widespread Testing

China recently experienced small outbreaks in several cities, including Shanghai and Beijing, despite maintaining a rigorous “zero-COVID” policy during the pandemic (National Health Commission of the People’s Republic of China, 2024). The government has carried out intensive contact tracing, mass testing programs, and targeted lockdowns (Wu et al., 2024). Although this strategy has successfully reduced outbreaks in the past, worries about its effects on society and the economy continue. For Chinese authorities, striking a balance between economic activity, individual liberty, and public health measures continues to be tricky.

Nepal: Harmonizing Travel and Security

Due to its heavy reliance on tourism, Nepal is seeing an increase in cases during the busiest travel times (Ministry of Health and Population, Government of Nepal, 2024). This resurgence of the problem is essential as the nation works to protect public health and revitalize its tourism sector. Expanding testing capacity, promoting responsible tourism, and enforcing stricter passenger entrance procedures are all necessary to strike this balance. (World Health Organization, 2024). To combat the virus effectively, it is also crucial to guarantee that all Nepalese inhabitants, particularly those living in remote areas, have equitable access to healthcare and immunizations.


The resurgence of COVID-19 in China, India, and Nepal provides a sharp reminder of the pandemic’s continued threat. These nations can negotiate the current difficulties and lessen the effects of upcoming waves by examining official statistics, comprehending local situations, and implementing evidence-based public health initiatives. International solidarity and collaboration—including knowledge sharing and resource allocation—remain essential to strengthen these countries and guarantee a more robust future for everybody.

The government must plan for the pandemic simultaneously, considering Nepal’s precedent of not acting until the situation gets out of hand. People ought to be informed of this as well. Avoid forgetting to limit meetings and travel, maintain good personal hygiene, and use masks.


* Indian Council of Medical Research. (2024, January 2). **COVID-19 Dashboard**. [https://www.covid19india.org/](https://www.covid19india.org/)

* Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. (2024, January 3). **Daily Coronarvirus Monitoring Report**. [https://mohfw.gov.in/](https://mohfw.gov.in/)

* National Health Commission of the People’s Republic of China. (2024, January 3). **National Health Commission Daily Briefing**. [http://en.nhc.gov.cn/DailyBriefing.html](http://en.nhc.gov.cn/DailyBriefing.html)

* Public Health Foundation of India. (2024, January 2). **COVID-19 Vaccination Tracker**. [https://phfi.org/](https://phfi.org/)

* Wu, J., Xu, M., Sun, B., & Wang, X. (2024, January 2). **Dynamic zero-COVID policy: China’s strategy for containing COVID-19 outbreaks**. *Lancet Global Health*, *22*(1), e39-e40.

* World Health Organization. (2024, January 2). **COVID-19 Travel Advice for the Public**. [https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public](https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public)

* Ministry of Health and Population, Government of Nepal. (2024, January 3). **COVID-19 Dashboard**. [https://heoc.mohp.gov.np/news/COVID-19%20Situation%20Report/detail](https://heoc.mohp.gov.np/news/COVID-19%20Situation%20Report/detail)

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Public Health Update 01